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The Yalta Conference: A Pivotal Moment in World War II

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The Yalta Conference in February 1945 was a defining moment for post-WWII Europe, where leaders Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt discussed Europe's reorganization. Key outcomes included Germany's division into occupation zones, the fate of Poland, the Declaration of Liberated Europe, and the groundwork for the United Nations. These decisions significantly influenced the geopolitical landscape and sowed the seeds for the Cold War.

The Yalta Conference: Shaping the Post-War Order

The Yalta Conference, a critical juncture in World War II, took place from February 4 to 11, 1945, in the Crimean resort of Yalta. This conference brought together the leaders of the Grand Alliance—Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, collectively known as the Big Three. Their discussions centered on the reorganization of war-torn Europe, particularly the political reconstruction of Germany and the establishment of a peace plan following the anticipated defeat of Nazi Germany.

Determining Germany's Post-War Structure

At Yalta, the Allies deliberated over the future of Germany, which was a primary concern. They agreed to form a 'Committee on Dismemberment of Germany' to consider the potential partitioning of the nation. While Churchill proposed dividing Germany into several regions and Roosevelt suggested a five-part division, the conference ultimately endorsed the European Advisory Commission's plan. This plan divided Germany into four zones of occupation, to be administered by the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and later France. The German capital, Berlin, was also divided into four corresponding sectors. Additionally, the conference sanctioned the shift of German territories east of the Oder-Neisse line to Poland and the Soviet Union.

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Yalta Conference Date and Location

February 4-11, 1945, in Yalta, Crimea.

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Yalta Conference Purpose

To discuss Europe's reorganization and Germany's post-war reconstruction.

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Post-Yalta Peace Plan Focus

Establishing a peace plan after Nazi Germany's defeat.

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