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The American Revolution: An Overview

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The American Revolution, a pivotal era from 1765 to 1783, led to the birth of the United States. Sparked by resistance to British rule and inspired by Enlightenment thinkers like Locke and Paine, it involved key figures, battles, and international allies. The revolution's aftermath shaped modern governance, though its promises were unevenly fulfilled across different communities.

The American Revolution: An Overview

The American Revolution was a transformative period that spanned from 1765 to 1783, culminating in the establishment of the United States of America as a sovereign nation. Sparked by colonial resistance to British imperial policies and taxation without representation, the revolution was fueled by Enlightenment ideals advocating for individual rights and self-governance. Key events such as the Boston Tea Party, the signing of the Declaration of Independence, and the successful military campaigns against British forces led to the eventual signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, which acknowledged American independence.
American Revolutionary War scene with Continental Army soldiers in uniform, woman preparing bandages and multi-ethnic group in the background.

The Intellectual Foundations of the Revolution

The ideological roots of the American Revolution were deeply embedded in Enlightenment thought, which emphasized reason, liberty, and the social contract. Influential philosophers like John Locke and Montesquieu provided the intellectual scaffolding for revolutionary leaders to challenge the legitimacy of monarchical rule. Pamphlets such as Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" and the Declaration of Independence articulated the colonists' grievances and the philosophical justification for breaking away from British rule, emphasizing natural rights and the consent of the governed.

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Timeline of the American Revolution

1765-1783; began with colonial resistance, ended with Treaty of Paris and US independence.


Significance of the Boston Tea Party

1773 protest against British tea tax; pivotal in escalating tensions leading to revolution.


Impact of Enlightenment on the Revolution

Enlightenment ideals shaped revolutionary thought; emphasized individual rights, self-rule.


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